What Causes Tooth Decay and How to Prevent it

Tooth decay is an issue that affects people of all ages. If left untreated, it can lead to pain, sensitivity, discoloration, and even tooth loss. But what causes tooth decay? And how can you prevent it from happening? Let’s look at tooth decay’s causes and how to avoid this common affliction.

The Cause of Tooth Decay: Bacteria

The main cause of tooth decay is bacteria. In particular, Streptococcus mutants are found in the mouth. This bacteria feeds on the sugars in food and drinks, producing acids that eat away at your teeth’ enamel. Eventually, these acids can create tiny openings or “cavities” in your teeth. If left untreated, these cavities can grow larger and deeper over time, leading to more severe issues such as pain and sensitivity.

Preventing Tooth Decay

Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to protect your teeth from decay. The most important step is maintaining good oral hygiene habits. This means brushing twice daily for two minutes with fluoride toothpaste and flossing daily. Additionally, consider using an antimicrobial mouthwash to kill any lingering bacteria in your mouth after brushing and flossing. Avoid sugary foods and drinks as much as possible since sugar increases the amount of acid produced by bacteria in your mouth—especially if you have trouble cleaning them off your teeth quickly enough after eating or drinking them. And lastly, be sure to visit your dentist every six months for regular checkups so they can identify any potential problems early on before they become a major issues.

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Tooth decay is an issue that affects people of all ages. Still, it doesn’t have to be permanent if you act quickly enough upon noticing it in its early stages before it has a chance to spread further into your teeth’s enamel layer—which could potentially lead to more serious issues like pain or even tooth loss over time if left untreated for too long. The above will ensure you keep your teeth strong and healthy for years to come!


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